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xx Day 15 – China – Massive Economy, Massive Energy Hog

China is the largest country on planet Earth and one whose economy is one of the fastest growing over the past couple of decades with growth rates reaching as high as 14%.  This bodes well for this powerful but still third world nation as it engages more and more of its population into its booming tech and manufacturing sector.  

In the last few years it growth has ‘slowed’ to between 6% and 7%, perhaps because of the recent U.S. and European recessions.  But its GDP growth rate is still 3 times as fast as in the U.S.  As its productivity grows, its appetite will grow too.

Although China’s economy is slowing down, the country’s consumption of oil is not. The oil demand from China is expected to rise by .4 million b/d in both 2016 and 2017, according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA.)  Globally, the International Energy Agency expects a growth in demand of 1.2 million b/d in 2016.

With that being said, “the experts are divided on future demand growth in China. While a few believe that Chinese demand will rise, others believe that China will see lower oil demand in the future. Chinese oil demand is expected to account for one-third of the total increase in global demand,” writes

Interestingly enough, China is behind on the technical front when it comes to deep-water oil and gas production. So the country is dependent on others, especially Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, for this energy source. But, Venezuela is producing less and less oil daily as its economic crisis continues. 

So China has a plan in the works to increase its energy independence by 2025.

“In offshore oil drilling we’d like to cut the reliance on imports by improving the self-sufficiency,” said Yang Shuangquan, general secretary of the China Petroleum and Petrochemical Equipment Industrial Association (CPEIA). “(The plan) draws up… major development projects for the oil industries in exploiting natural gas, shale gas and offshore oil. The latter two will remain as China’s strategic moves to ensure energy supply.”

Its clever on China’s part to spend a significant time and money on its energy issue. The price per barrel costs as a whole are predicted to increase. 

“We are raising our 2017/2018 oil price forecasts by $5/bbl. Specifically, our 2017 forecast for WTI increases from $75 to $80 and Brent increases from $79 to $83–this marking the cyclical peak of the oil recovery,” said in a report Raymond James & Associates’ US Research group. “Similarly, we are initiating a 2018 forecast for WTI ($75) and Brent ($80), which is $5 higher than our previous long-term deck.”

The group stated that the supply interruptions from Venezuela, Libya, Canada and Nigeria were factors, along with the lower drilling activity in China, Colombia, Angola and Mexico.

However, the predictions have varied from different groups and some experts are skeptical over the increase in oil prices. JP Morgan’s analysts raise the 2016 prediction to just $45.3 a barrel for Brent and $44.66 a barrel for WTI Crude and the 2017 prices at $55 a barrel for both WTI and Brent.

Nonetheless, there is still a demand from China that needs to be met. So this begs the question, which country plans to aid China in its energy crisis? Well, Russia is attempting to swoop in as an ally. 

“Russian President Vladimir Putin has just concluded a visit to Beijing, where, after announcing a few big-sounding energy deals, he said that Russia and China were ‘friends forever…” If, with no other buyers on the horizon, Russia is now ready to sell off parts of its oil and gas sector, then China is ready to pick up a few bargains. That was the real news of this summit. It’s what being “friends forever” actually means,” writes WallStreet Journal. 


Russian oil refinery


Russian oil exports to China have increased by almost 42%, with 22 million tons (7 barrels to a ton) from January to May of this year and most of China’s crude is coming from Russia now. 

What is the future for energy China?  Yang’s determination to produce oil offshore could take a decade or more to make a difference.  The OPEC countries are perhaps not stable enough for this growing behemoth. Is Russia their best hope?

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